Chino def tomate virus (CdTV)
Whitefly (Bemesia tabaci)
Northern Mexico and Southeastern USA
Chino (curling) and rolling of leaves, interveinal yellowing of newly infected leaves and purpling of older leaves are all characteristic symptoms of this disease. Plants may be severely stunted and distorted if infected at an early stage, and dramatically reduced fruit set may result.
Conditions for Disease Development
This virus has a relatively wide host range that includes beans, peppers and tomatoes, as well as malvaceous and solanaceous weeds. Peak transmission of the disease occurs when whitefly populations are high. Whiteflies can acquire the virus from nearby infected plants and transmit it to healthy tomatoes, sometimes resulting in up to 100% of the plants becoming infected. Mechanical transmission of the disease has not been demonstrated.
Previous efforts to control whitefly populations with non systemic insecticides have generally been unsuccessful, due to the difficulty in getting good coverage of the lower leaves where the insects congregate. However, the more recently developed systemic insecticides have demonstrated dramatic effects in controlling whitefiies. Cultural practices, such as the adoption of crop-free periods where possible and roguing infected plants, should be incorporated into a control strategy to help reduce the likelihood of the whiteflies developing resistance to insecticides.